We all solve problems on a daily basis. From students' perspective, some of the problems may include:
- compilling a project report
- fixing a new brand of printer
- working with a difficult team member
- developing a strategy to reach the next level of a computer game
- managing the budget for a class event or celebration
- convincing the teacher to postpone a project deadline
Have you ever analysed how we handle them? We use certain skills to understand and analyse situations and find out strategies to resolve them. Problems are often opportunities indisguse. We need to evaluate the problem and context associated with the problem, think logically and come up with the most appropriate solution, suited for that specific context. What enables us to do so? We leverage our knowledge base, various skills and experiences acquired from our surroundings, either school or home or community. A number of situations may require us to think creatively, use an innovative approach or out-of-the-box thinking, to find solutions.
Earlier, problem solving skills were considered as abilities associated with the subject domain of Mathematics. But, scientific problem solving is as critical as mathematical problem solving. ability to construct grammatically correct sentences to convey the meaning and purpose is also a higher order cognitive skill. Similarly, sociability, collaboration, responsibility, integrity, honesty, and other personal and social skills are also considered as problem solving attributes, because they significantly impact our ability to solve problems in personal as well as professional life.
Full Marks PSA-11 has been designed to provide opportunities for students to engage with situations that are rooted in the real world. There are questions that engage students to question, argue, reason and defend their solutions. In a nutshell students will be able to acquire hands on experience of solving questions of problem solving test. The following table illustrates design of the PSA test conducted by CBSE, in respect of components with each domain (section), their respective weightage in terms of number of questions and marks; and, linkage of domains to major curricular areas. Each students is required to attempt 60 questions from three domains. Under Language Conventions, they have to attempt either Hindi or English, based on their choice in the registration from.